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Within peace studies, “peace” is defined not just as the absence of war (negative peace), but also the presence of the conditions for a just and sustainable peace, including access to food and clean drinking water, education for women and children, security from physical harm, and other inviolable human rights (positive peace). This idea is rooted in the understanding that a “just peace” is the only sustainable kind of peace; an approach that seeks merely to “stop the guns” while ignoring the denial of human rights and unjust social and political conditions will not work in the long run.
ACLED (Armed Conflict Location and Event Dataset) is the most comprehensive public collection of political violence data for developing states. These data contain information on the specific dates and locations of political violence, the types of event, the groups involved, fatalities and changes in territorial control. Information is recorded on the battles, killings, riots, and recruitment activities of rebels, governments, militias, armed groups, protesters and civilians. Event data are derived from a variety of sources, mainly concentrating on reports from war zones, humanitarian agencies, and research publications.
The GPI, produced by the Institute for Economics and Peace, is the world’s leading measure of global peacefulness. It gauges ongoing domestic and international conflict, safety and security in society, and militarization in 153 countries by taking into account 23 separate indicators.
ICRtoP brings together NGOs from all regions of the world to strengthen normative consensus for RtoP, further the understanding of the norm, push for strengthened capacities to prevent and halt genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity and mobilize NGOs to push for action to save lives in RtoP country-specific situations.
USIP is the independent, nonpartisan conflict management center created by Congress to prevent and mitigate international conflict without resorting to violence. USIP works to save lives, increase the government's ability to deal with conflicts before they escalate, reduce government costs, and enhance our national security.
'Social Justice' defined
The defense of human rights, personal dignity, and personal responsibility; ensuring that laws and public policies are enacted fairly across all strata of society; the pursuit of political, social, and economic equality; and freedom from discrimination based on race, gender, ethnicity, sexual orientation, or class.
Common Cause is a nonpartisan, nonprofit advocacy organization founded in 1970 by John Gardner as a vehicle for citizens to make their voices heard in the political process and to hold their elected leaders accountable to the public interest.
The Labor-Religion Coalition of New York State unites faith, labor and community in a powerful movement for economic justice. We take on campaigns that address: living wages, fair share taxation and subsidy, and strong democratic process.
The ACLU is our nation's guardian of liberty, working daily in courts, legislatures and communities to defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties that the Constitution and laws of the United States guarantee everyone in this country.
The Center for Law and Justice was founded by Dr. Alice Green in 1985. For the past 25 years, the Center has been serving the low-income and disadvantaged communities of New York through education and advocacy. The Center for Law and Justice envisions a peaceful, just, and compassionate community that provides each resident with equal access to the goods, services and opportunities of that community. It also seeks the fair and just treatment of all people throughout the civil and criminal justice systems, and works to reduce reliance upon incarceration.
Hunger Action is a unique membership-based network that represents 200 community-based organizations and low-income individuals throughout New York State with a direct stake in ensuring equitable income and food policies.
The Social Justice Center is a grassroots community organization which, through its programming and projects, confronts the roots and structures of oppression. The Social Justice Center is committed to building strong community activism to fight oppression by forming alliances and working in coalition with other groups.
The Albany County Department of Social Services is responsible for addressing the social service needs of the poor and the near poor, as well as those who are unable to care for and protect themselves, while at the same time upholding the laws that govern the Department.
OCFS is dedicated to improving the integration of services for New York’s children, youth, families, and vulnerable populations; to promoting their development; and to protect them from violence, neglect, abuse and abandonment. The agency provides a system of family support, juvenile justice, child care and child welfare services that promote the safety and well-being of children and adults. Among the operating principles across all program areas are that services should be developmentally appropriate, family-centered and family-driven, community-based, locally responsive, and evidence and outcome based.